"Der ungeborene Herr hat viele Inkarnationen. Er hat sich als die der Erde neun nahen Planeten (nava grahas) inkarniert, um den Lebewesen die Ergebnisse ihres Karmas zu verleihen. Er ist Janardhana (Lord Vishnu, der Erhalter der Erde). Er nahm die glückverheissende Form von Grahas (Planeten) an, um die Dämonen zu zerstören (böse Kräfte) und die göttlichen Wesen zu erhalten." Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra, Kapitel 2 Shloka 3-4:

Rishi Parashara is the father of Veda Vyasa , the redoubtable astrologer-saint who laid the foundation stone for to-days Vedic astrology by systematizing our great predictive science in his famous treatise the Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra. The depth of his astrological knowledge was so great that, one day while crossing a river in a boat, he casually looked at his favorite stars in heaven, and suddenly realized that it was an exceptionally auspicious moment and if a child is conceived at that moment, he will be an expert in the shastras. So he told this to the lady rowing the boat and requested her to marry him. She agreed and the son born was Veda Vyasa!

Der wichtigste Text, der im Bezug auf Jyotish geschrieben wurde, ist eine Sanskritschrift   mit dem Titel


Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra“

                    von Maharshi Parashara   (Gupta Dynastie (320 – 530 A.D)


hier Auszüge aus dem 3.Kapitel


Ch. 3. Nava - Graha  (9 Planeten)  Characters and Description


2-3. Paraśar: “O Brahmin, listen to the account of placement of the heavenly bodies. Out of

the many luminous bodies sighted in the skies some are stars, yet some are Grahas. Those,

that have no movements, are the Nakshatras (asterisms).


4-6. Those are called ‘Grahas’, that move through the Nakshatras (or stellar mansions) in the

zodiac. The said zodiac comprises of 27 Nakshatras commencing from Ashvini. The same

area is divided in 12 parts equal to 12 ‘Rāśis’ commencing from Mesh. The names of the

Grahas commence from Sūrya. The Rāśi rising is known, as ‘Lagn’. Based on Lagn and the

Grahas, joining and departing from each other, the native’s good and bad effects are deducted.


Addition from Santhanam till Sloka 7. The names of the 27 Nakshatras (Mondhäuser)are Ashvini, Bharani,

Krittika, Rohini, Mrigasira, Ardra, Punarvasu, Pushya, Aslesha, Magha, Purvaphalguni,

Uttaraphalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Vishaka, Anuradha, Jyeshtha, Mula, Purvashadh,

Uttarashadh, Shravana, Dhanishtha, Satabhisha, Purvabhadra, Uttarabhadra, Revati.


Lagn(Aszendent) is a very important point in the horoscope. It is the Rāśi, that rises in the East, on the

latitude of birth. The apparent rising of a Rāśi is due to the rotation of the earth on its own

axis at a rate of motion, causing every degree of the zodiac seemingly ascend on the eastern



Approximately, two hours are required for a Rāśi to pass via the horizon, thereby every

degree taking four minutes to ascend. This duration, however, is actually dependent on the

concerned latitude.


Actually Sūrya has no motion. His motion is an apparent one, as viewed from the rotating

earth. Other Grahas, including the nodes, have varied rates of motion. The average daily

motions of the Grahas, which are not, however standard, are, as follows: Sūrya 1, Candr 13-

15, Mangal 30-45’, Budh 65-100’, Śukr 62-82’, Guru 5-15’, Śani 2’, Rahu/Ketu 3’.


With such different motions, a Grah forms various Drishtis with others. These Drishtis

through longitudinal distances have a great deal of utility in Jyotish. This is what Maharishi

Parashar suggests to be considered.


7. Details (of astronomical nature) of stars have to be understood by general rules, while I

narrate to you about the effects of Grahas and Rāśis.


8-9. The positions of the Grahas for a given time be taken, as per Drikganit. And with the help

of Rāśi durations, applicable to the respective places, Lagn at birth should be known. Now, I

tell you about the castes, descriptions and dispositions of the Grahas.


10. Names of Grahas. The names of the nine Grahas, respectively, are Sūrya, Candr, Mangal,

Budh, Guru, Śukr, Śani, Rahu and Ketu.


11. Benefics and Malefics. Among these, Sūrya, Śani, Mangal, decreasing Candr, Rahu and

Ketu (the ascending and the descending nodes of Candr) are malefics, while the rest are

benefics. Budh, however, is a malefic, if he joins a malefic.


Addition from Santhanam till Sloka 12-13. When Candr is ahead of Sūrya, but within 120,

she has medium strength. Between 120 to 240 she is very auspicious,( see ‘Atishubhapred’).

From 240 to 0 she is bereft of strength. This is Yavanas’ view, vide P. 70 of my English


Translation of Saravali. This view is, however, related to Candr’s strength, or otherwise,

while waning Candr (Krishna Paksh, dark half) is a malefic and waxing Candr (Shukla Paksh,

bright half) is a benefic. Should Candr be Yuti with a benefic, or receiving a Drishti from a

benefic, she turns a benefic, even if in a waning state. As regards Budh, we have clear

instructions from Maharishi Parashar, that he becomes a malefic, if he joins a malefic. If

waning Candr and Budh are together, both are benefics.


12-13. Grah governances. Sūrya is the soul of all. Candr is the mind. Mangal is one’s strength.

Budh is speech-giver, while Guru confers Knowledge and happiness. Śukr governs semen

(potency), while Śani denotes grief.


14-15. Grah cabinet. Of royal status are Sūrya and Candr, while Mangal is the Army chief.

Prince-apparent is Budh. The ministerial Grahas are Guru and Śukr. Śani is a servant. Rahu

and Ketu form the Grah Army.


16-17. Complexions of Grahas. Sūrya is blood-red. Candr is tawny. Mangal, who is not very

tall is blood-red, while Budh’s hue is akin to that of green grass. Tawny, variegated and dark

are Guru, Śukr and Śani in their order.


18. Deities of Grahas. Fire (Agni) (?), Water (Varuna), Subrahmanya (Lord Shiva’s son,

following Ganesh), Maha Vishnu, Indra, Shachi Devi (the consort of Lord Indra) and Brahma

(?) are the presiding deities of the 7 Grahas in their order.


19. Gender of the Grahas. Budh and Śani are neuters. Candr and Śukr are females, while

Sūrya, Mangal and Guru are males.


20. Primordial compounds. The Panchabhutas, space, air, fire, water and earth, are,

respectively, governed by Guru, Śani, Mangal, Śukr and Budh.


21. Castes of Grahas. Guru and Śukr are Brahmins. Sūrya is a royal Grah, while Candr and

Budh belong to commercial community. Śani rules the Sudras (4th caste).


22. Sattvic Grahas are the luminaries and Guru, Śukr and Budh are Rajasik, while Mangal and

Śani are Tamasic.


23. Description of Sūrya. Sūrya’s eyes are honey-coloured. He has a square body. He is of

clean habits, bilious, intelligent and has limited hair (on his head).


24. Description of Candr. Candr is very windy and phlegmatic. She is learned and has a round

body. She has auspicious looks and sweet speech, is fickle-minded and very lustful.


25. Description of Mangal. Mangal has blood-red eyes, is fickle-minded, liberal, bilious,

given to anger and has thin waist and thin physique.


26. Description of Budh. Budh is endowed with an attractive physique and the capacity to use

words with many meanings. He is fond of jokes. He has a mix of all the three humours.


27. Description of Guru. Guru has a big body, tawny hair and tawny eyes, is phlegmatic,

intelligent and learned in Shastras.


28. Description of Śukr. Śukr is charming, has a splendourous physique, is excellent, or great

in disposition, has charming eyes, is a poet, is phlegmatic and windy and has curly hair.


29. Description of Śani. Śani has an emaciated and long physique, has tawny eyes, is windy in

temperament, has big teeth, is indolent and lame and has coarse hair.


30. Description of Rahu and Ketu. Rahu has smoky appearance with a blue mix physique. He

resides in forests and is horrible. He is windy in temperament and is intelligent. Ketu is akin

to Rahu.


31. Primary ingredients (or Sapth Dhatus). Bones, blood, marrow, skin, fat, semen and

muscles are, respectively, denoted by the Grahas: Sūrya, Candr, Mangal, Budh, Guru, Śukr

and Śani.


32. Abodes of the Grahas. Temple, watery place, place of fire, sport-ground, treasure-house,

bed-room and filthy ground: these are, respectively, the abodes for the seven Grahas from

Sūrya onward.


33. Grah periods. Ayan, Muhurta, a day (consisting day and night), Ritu, month, fortnight and

year: these are the periods allotted to the Grahas from Sūrya to Śani.


34. Tastes of the Grahas. Pungent, saline, bitter, mixed, sweet, acidulous and astringent are,

respectively, tastes lorded by Sūrya, Candr, Mangal, Budh, Guru, Śukr and Śani.


35-38. Strengths of Grahas. Strong in the East are Budh and Guru. Sūrya and Mangal are so in

the South, while Śani is the only Grah, that derives strength in the West. Candr and Śukr are

endowed with vigour, when in the North. Again, strong during night are Candr, Mangal and

Śani, while Budh is strong during day and night. The rest (i.e. Guru, Sūrya and Śukr) are

strong only in daytime. During the dark half malefics are strong. Benefics acquire strength in

the bright half of the month. Malefics and benefics are, respectively, strong in Dakshinayan

and Uttarayan. The Lords of the year, month, day and Hora (hour of Grah) are stronger than

the other in ascending order. Again, stronger than the other in the ascending are Śani, Mangal,

Budh, Guru, Śukr, Candr and Sūrya.


39-40. Related to trees. Sūrya rules strong trees (i.e. trees with stout trunks), Śani useless

trees, Candr milky trees (and rubber yielding plants), Mangal bitter ones (like lemon plants),

Śukr floral plants, Guru fruitful ones and Budh fruitless ones.


41-44. Other matters. Rahu rules the outcaste, while Ketu governs mixed caste. Śani and the

nodes indicate ant-hills. Rahu denotes multi-coloured clothes and Ketu rags. Lead and blue

gem belong to Rahu and Ketu. Sūrya, Candr, Mangal, Budh, Guru, Śukr and Śani in their

order govern red silken, white silken, red, black silken, saffron, silken and multi-coloured



45-46. Seasons of Grahas. Vasanta, Greeshma, Varsh, Sarad, Hemanta and Sisir are the six

Ritus (or seasons), respectively, governed by Śukr, Mangal, Candr, Budh, Guru and Śani.

Rahu and Ketu denote 8 months and 3 months, respectively.


47. Dhatu, Mool and Jiva Divisions. Dhatu Grahas are Rahu, Mangal, Śani and Candr, while

Sūrya and Śukr are Mula Grahas. Budh, Guru and Ketu rule Jivas.


48. Age. Out of all the Grahas Śani is the eldest. He bestows maximum number of years in

Naisargik Dasha.

Bhrigu Muni konnte im Weltraum herum reisen. Er war es gewohnt, alle Planeten des Universums zu besuchen.

Er ist eine herausragende Autorität in Astronomie

und Astrologie.

Er erklärte im Detail genau, wie aus Äther Luft, Feuer, Wasser und Erde erzeugt werden kann. Er erklärte außerdem, wie die Luft im Magen arbeitet und den Darm reguliert. Er ist ein großer Philosoph und bewies die Ewigkeit des Lebewesens. Er ist auch ein herausragender Anthropologe. Die Evolutionstheorie wurde von ihm zum Beispiel schon vor langer, langer Zeit erklärt.

Bhrigu Muni wurde durch Bhakti zu Krishna so kraftvoll, also durch reine Liebe und hingebungsvollen Dienst für Den Allmächtigen Herrn.

Die logische Schlussfolgerung daraus ist folglich; wenn jeder moderne Wissenschaftler dem Pfad von Bhakti folgt, wären ihre Leistungen noch viel bedeutender und von weitaus höherer Qualität, als sie es bis heute sind.